Herculaneum was destroyed, like Pompeii, by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD. Herculaneum began life as a fishing village, but became a fashionable residential resort for rich Romans by the 1st century. The village was buried by boiling mud/lava which has solidified into tufa rock. Some of the village lies under the new town of Herculaneum. The tour round the site lasts about 2 hours.
The price includes :
Not included : entrance fees.
Pick up directly from your hotel or indicated meeting point, where you cross the towns forming part of the Sorrentine peninsula and continue to State Road 145 "Sorrento", where you can admire the Sorrentine peninsula in all its glory ! After a journey of about 45 minutes you get to Herculaneum. Immeasurable treasure trove of art and history, the excavations of Herculaneum give us an ancient and beautiful city founded by the Greeks on the shores of the sea, then falling under the rule of the Sanniti, and finally, in the Roman town of Herculaneum. Already seriously damaged by the earthquake in 62 AD, the city was later destroyed by the eruption of Vesuvius (79 AD), which covered it with substantial mass of mud, ash and other materials, penetrating into every opening, solidifying into a hard, compact layer of 15-20 meters. The eruption of Vesuvius happened in two phases: the first was a total duration of 12 hours, with the fall of white and gray pumice and the second period of seven hours consisting of hot clouds of ash. It was this second phase, which affected Herculaneum. The city has come down to us "frozen" by the eruption of 79 AD which allowed the conservation of wooden structures and small objects, better, than has been conserved in Pompeii. Access to the excavations is through an avenue that is currently in the final section, along the former Marine. Recently the mystery of why no bodies were found in that area has now been solved, except for a small number of people, who were in their homes, the majority took refuge in the arches along the marina, where, waiting for salvation from the sea instead they were covered by the lava coming from the slopes of the volcano. The new entrance, under construction, will allow access to these ancient arches and the marina with the skeletons of fugitives, from where, skirting the Suburban Baths and the sacred area, we will arrive at the end of the fifth lower milestone. The latter was part of an urban settlement in orthogonal pattern, with roads parallel to the coastline called “decumani”, and those perpendicular to the first called “cardines”. Decumani and cardines divided the territory of the city into blocks of almost equal size. Herculaneum, which, unlike the nearby Pompeii was a particularly pleasant place for holidays, shows a wide range of private buildings of great historical interest, social and architectural heritage. Since 1982, a scientific support by the National Geographic Society of Washington, in particular studying skeletons, entrusted to Paleopathology Sara Bisel of Smithsonian Institution. Herculaneum, is always a fixed destination for thousands of tourists every year. The excavations of Herculaneum, Pompeii together with those of Oplontis, are included since 1997 in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Return to Sorrento, late morning
Use this form to book this excursion. Fill all the required areas and add a message for more details, An operator will respond as soon as possible.
Fields marked with an asterisk (*) are required.
Spend an amazing day discovering Capri from the sea with a confortable ... Continue
Would you like to receive our exclusive special offers or to be updated regularly on news and events? Register for our free newsletter!SUBSCRIBE