The price includes :
Entrance fees not included.
Pick up directly from your hotel or indicated meeting point, driving through the towns forming the Sorrentine peninsula and continuing on the State Road 145 "Sorrentina", from where you can admire the Sorrentine peninsula in all its glory ! After around 3 hours we arrive in Rome the "Eternal City" and centre of the Catholic religion. Founded according to tradition on the 21st of April 753 BC by Romulus and Remus, Rome has played a key role in Italy and Europe in the course of its history of almost three thousand years (the first settlements date back to the tenth century B.C.). Capital of the world during the Roman epoca and international landmark for politics and the Catholic religion, Rome is the seat of the Papacy and, after being subjected to the domination of Byzantium was the capital of the Papal States (eighth century), the Kingdom of Italy (since 1871), and then became the capital of the Italian Republic (1946). The old town is presented as the result of the continuous overlapping of numerous architectural and urban planning in different centuries, in a unique and striking interpenetration that shows the complex relationship that the city has established with its past in a succession of developments in chaotic times of decay, rebirth and attempts, in contemporary times, of urban modernizations. The day is dedicated to the visit of the most important historical sites: Villa Borghese, the Palace of Justice, Castel Sant'Angelo and the Imperial Forum. Because of traffic restrictions imposed by the City of Rome all areas will be seen directly by coach. Villa Borghese is a large park which includes a landscaped site of different types, from the Italian and English-style gardens, buildings, small buildings, fountains and ponds. The park contains several buildings and has 9 entrances, the most popular are :Porta Pinciana, the steps of Trinità dei Monti, the Pincio, Piazza del Popolo and the monumental entrance to Piazzale Flaminio. The "garden of Pincio", in the south of the park, offers a popular view of Rome. The building of the villa (Villa Borghese Pinciana), today houses of the Galleria Borghese, was built by the architect Flaminio Ponzio, developing sketches of Scipione Borghese. When Ponzio died, the work was completed by Giovanni Vasanzio. The building was designed by Camillo Borghese to contain sculptures of Bernini, including the David and Apollo and Daphne, and Antonio Canova (Paolina Borghese), with paintings by Tiziano, Raffaelo and Caravaggio. Castel Sant'Angelo, also known as the Mausoleum of Hadrian, a Roman monument, radically changed many times in medieval and renaissance on the right bank of the Tevere, in front of the Sant'Angelo’s bridge at a short distance from the Vatican.It was started in 125 by Emperor Hadrian as his funeral mausoleum, inspired by the complete mausoleum of Augustus and was completed by Antonino Pio in 139. It was built in front of the Campo Marzio to which it was joined by a specially constructed bridge, the Ponte Elio. The mausoleum was composed of a cubic base, covered with marble, with a decorative frieze of heads of cattle (ox skulls) and corner pilasters. In the frieze overlooking the river are the names of emperors buried inside. On this side there is the entrance arch named for Adrian, the access passage was entirely covered in antique yellow marble. Above the base cube lay a drum made of lava stone and cement (opus caementicium) lined with travertine and fluted pillars. Above it there was a mound of earth planted with trees, surrounded by marble statues (there remain fragments). Around the mausoleum there was a wall with bronze gates decorated with peacocks, two of them are kept in the Vatican. Shafts of light illuminate the spiral staircase covered in marble brick connected the dromos to the cell at the centre of the mound. The latter, square and entirely covered with colored marble and was topped by two other rooms, maybe used also as graves. The mausoleum contains the remains of Emperor Hadrian and his wife Sabina, the emperor Antoninus Pius, his wife Faustina and three of their sons, Lucius Aelius Caesar, Commodus, Emperor Marcus Aurelius and three of his sons, Emperor Septimius Severus, his wife Julia Domna and their sons and Emperors Geta and Caracalla. The castle took its present name in 590. That year Rome was afflicted by a terrible plague, to advert the plague a solemn procession was organized and also Pope Gregory I attended. When the procession arrived near the Mole Adriana, the Pope had a vision of the Archangel Michael sheathing his sword. The vision was interpreted as a sign from Heaven announcing the imminent end of the epidemic, something that actually happened. Since then, the Romans began to call the Mole Adriana Castel S. Angelo in remembrance of the miracle in the thirteenth century, they erected on the top of the castle an angel sheathing the sword. Even today in the Capitoline Museums there is a circular stone with footprints that are believed to be those left by the Archangel when he stopped to announce the end of the plague. Piazza San Pietro is the square outside the Basilica of San Pietro. Inserted in the margins of the historical centre of Rome, the square is located in the Vatican City. The famous square, is a remarkable example of Baroque architecture and urban planning, is dedicated to the Saint Peter and is a place of pilgrimage for thousands of Catholics from around the world. It is the closest square, in a sense, the heart of Catholicism, in addition the great oval colonnade which has always been considered the figure of two large arms that wrap around the Catholics. Given the increasing affluence, the square has become (at least in summer), the favourite place for great liturgical ceremonies presided by the Pope, as canonizations, and the processions of newly elected Popes, also the funeral of Pope John Paul II in 2005, before a large crowd. It has become customary the “Angelus Domini”, on Sunday at 12.00, when the Pope appears at the window of his studio, greets the crowds, gives a short speech, recites the Angelus prayer and gives his blessing. The square is part of the territory of the Vatican, but public safety is entrusted to the Italian State. Being a place of immense global prestige, to avoid the squatting, it is forbidden all public events other than religious ones. During the Second World War, German soldiers occupying Rome guarded the perimeter without being able to enter. On 13 May 1981, during a public audience, Pope John Paul II was shot, the gunman was arrested by Italian police. In Piazza San Pietro the guide will leave you free time for a snack and the possibly to visit the Basilica. Continue our visit to the Coliseum, perhaps the most famous monument in the world.The Coliseum, originally known as the Amphitheatre Flavio, is the most famous Roman amphitheatre, and is located in the heart of city. Capable of holding up to 50,000 spectators, it is the largest and most important Roman amphitheatre, and the most imposing monument of ancient Rome that has been handed down to us. The amphitheatre was built on an area to the eastern boundary of the Roman Forum. Its construction was started by Vespasian in 72 AD and was inaugurated by Titus in 80 AD, with further changes made during the reign of Domitian. No longer in use after the sixth century, the huge structure was reused in various ways over the centuries, even as a quarry of material. The name "Coliseum", derives from the nearby statue of the Colossus of the Sun God (adaptation of the Colossus of Nerone), named from the Middle Ages. Soon, the building became a symbol of the Imperial city, the expression of an ideology for the entertainment of the people. Today is a symbol of the city and one of its major tourist attractions. It was used for gladiatorial shows and other public events (shows, hunting, re-enactments of famous battles and dramas based on classical mythology). Clearly expresses the architectural concept and construction of the early Roman Empire, based respectively on the line and enveloping curve offered by the elliptical and the complex building systems. Arches and vaults are chained together in a close structural relationship. The building forms an ellipse of 527 m in circumference, with boards measuring 187.5 m to 156.5 m. The arena inside measure 86 m by 54 m, with an area of 3357 m². The current height reaches 48.5 m, but originally came to 52 m. The Coliseum, as the historical centre of Rome, was listed as World Heritage by UNESCO in 1980. In 2007 the complex was included among the Seven Wonders of the World as part of a controversial contest. Return to Sorrento around 23:00 or so. Please note that for visits to churches it is absolutely forbidden to wear shorts and shorts skirts and you arms and shoulders must be covered.
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