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Salerno & Paestum |

Goldentours Sorrento

Salerno & Paestum

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Operating on the following days :

Tuesday

Price per person 42,00 €

The price includes :

  • Air Conditioned Coach.
  • Authorized Guide.

Not included :  Optional meals and entrance fees.

OPERATING FROM 06 APRIL 2014 TILL 31 OCTOBER 2014 - DEPARTURE FROM SORRENTO

Salerno & Paestum

Pick up directly from your hotel or indicated meeting point, driving through the towns forming the Sorrentine peninsula and continuing on the State Road 145 "Sorrentina", from where you can admire the Sorrentine peninsula in all its glory ! Salerno is the second city in Campania and it is located at about 50 km from of Sorrento. The beautiful seafront offers the chance to relax in a pleasant walk as well as the alleys of the old town give the opportunity to spend some time experiencing the relaxing atmosphere of the city and why not, do some shopping. Salerno was the capital of a small Norman  kingdom in the 11th century, it boasts the first school of medicine in Europe. The city of Salerno, adjacent to the sea, called "Salum" and the river which is called "Lirnum," the union of these two names gave the name of Salernum. Or let's say the river is called Salernum Silarus of Lucania, near the city of Salerno or "Sale" (salt) and "Erno" already exists in the vicinity of the city or by the Queen Elerna daughter of Noah. So we think that Salernum probably was founded by Sale, great-grandson of Noah, with whom he a similarity in the name.
Salerno, famous in the Middle Ages for its brilliant medical school merges the European expertise with the Jewish and Islamic, also offers the opportunity to visit, appropriately dressed, the remarkable cathedral of St. Matthew, built by Roger the Norman in 1076 where Gregory VII was buried, masterpiece mosaics and pulpits (Ambon) and a beautiful Baroque crypt. In 786 Arechi II, Lombard prince, transferred the seat of the Duchy of Benevento to Salerno, to escape the offensive of Charlemagne and ensure the control of a strategic area in the centre of the coastal and internal communications in Campania. With Arechi II the city experienced a period of great splendour, and was later a study centre with the famous "Salerno Medical School". Salerno was often attacked by Saracens, who never managed to take possession of the city. After the Lombard domain followed the Normans of Robert Guiscard. In this period the royal palace (Castel Terracena) and the majestic cathedral were built and gave a great boost to science, taking the Medical School of Salerno to its highest splendour. The city then meet a period of decline in the late twelfth century with the advent of the Swabians, Henry VI destroyed the city, and Frederick II, persecuting citizens, annihilated flourishing centres,  his son Manfred with the help of Giovanni Da Procida repaired the wrong doings of his father, constructing the pier that still bears his name, and founded the "Fair of St. Matthew". The city was followed by civil and succession wars, which led Salerno to ruin, the last "owner" of the city, Sanseverino come into conflict with the Spanish government, thus causing the ruin of the whole family. The 1600 was a painful period for Salerno: the plague and earthquakes produced countless victims. In 1799 the city joined the Neapolitan Republic, while in the Napoleonic era came to the throne before Joseph Bonaparte and then Joachim Murat, who in 1811 issued a decree of suppression of the Salerno Medical School. After the unification of Italy Salerno continued a slow urban development which saw the construction of large public and private buildings. The city continued to flourish until the Second World War, it was the scene of the landing of the Allied troops during the war after which it began to grow again. Salerno has a welcoming community for tourists from around the world with the charm of an old town where you can see all the traces of its ancient history, both the fervour of the local craft shops, cultural and musical experiences by thousands of people. After the visit of Salerno you continue by coach for about 60 km. to discover the fascinating archaeological site of Paestum, where, after free time for lunch, we visit the excavations characterized by the three Greek temples, known as the Basilica, the Temple of Poseidon and Athena. All three, remarkably well conserved in the magnificent Doric style and built between 550 and 450 BC. Paestum was a major centre of the Magna Grecia. The oldest traces of human settlement dates back to the Palaeolithic site. Around 600 BC, Greek colonists from Sybaris founded a city, which gave the name of Posidonia, and built the large sanctuary of Hera just north at the mouth of the river Sele. The end of the fifth century BC. Paestum was conquered by the “Lucani”, under which it experienced a period of prosperity and reached its greatest territorial expansion, in 273 BC the Romans established a colony there, changing the name of the city to the current one. During the Imperial  Age Paestum began a long and gradual decline, until the final abandonment in the eighth century, due to swamping in the area. The city, which is known the full extension, was only partially bought to light through archaeological excavations. Bordered by towering walls (V-III century BC), exhibits the main buildings to the north lies the temple of Athena (once believed the temple of Cerere) of 500 ca. BC In the centre lies the public area, of two distinct eras: on the agora of the Greek city overlooking Ecclesiasterion (building for meetings of the Assembly) of the fifth century BC and an important building shaped like a shrine (perhaps a place of worship or tomb of the founders of the city). The Roman town, however, had its forum here, with the rally (for meetings of the Assembly), the temple of the Capitoline Triad (Capitolium), the Basilica; behind the  forum stood the amphitheatre and a Hellenic gymnasium with a large swimming pool. To the south was located the great urban sanctuary of Hera, with two magnificent temples dedicated to the goddess, the "Basilica" of 540 approx. BC, and one called "Neptune" of 460 BC The two temples, along with that of Athena, are an exceptional complex, also for the excellent state of conservation of the buildings, which are among the greatest examples of the Doric order in the West. To the west several blocks have been excavated from the orthogonal establishment, with houses from the Hellenic-Roman period. The entire archaeological area of the city was included in the UNESCO list of sites of worldwide interest, be preserved as a heritage of humanity. Near the town at the mouth of the Sele, you can admire the ruins of the sanctuary of Hera (Heraion), one of the most important Greek sanctuaries on Italian soil. The sacred area incorporates, in addition to several secondary buildings, a major temple  and a smaller building, called the Treasury, decorated with carved metopes now conserved in the Museum.
Return to Sorrento in the afternoon.

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